What You Should Know about Oilfield Equipment

On TV programs or internet videos depicting oilfield activities, you probably think that extracting the crude oil from below ground is easy. However, the process involves different types of equipment, from drilling machines to workover rigs. Take a look at the things below for more information.

Drilling rig

As the name suggests, a drilling rig’s main function is to create holes in the ground. Drilling rigs come in varied sizes. Some are small enough to be mounted on trucks or trailers, others are massive enough that they can be left to stand on their own, such as oil platforms.

Well control equipment

An oilfield won’t be able to generate oil without well control equipment. This machine regulates the oil flow to prevent blowouts. In the world of oil drilling, blowouts are considered the most destructive disasters. Not only do blowouts have the tendency to result in ecological damage, they can also put lives and health at risk.

Workover rig

This type of rig actually comes in handy when the original well drilling equipment fails. However, for the workover rig to work, killing the well should be first on the priority list. This means to stop the pumping of oil until the workover rig is brought in and does its job in the oil production cycle.

Some distributors offer all these machines at once, but some provide them piece by piece. For smooth oil production, it’s best to go with a one-stop shop seller that can offer the entire set.

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How does Oil Drilling Work?

Oil is one of the most important resource today, with nearly every industry worldwide relying on a very significant part on oil products to operate. To supply this nearly-unlimited demand, petroleum companies turn to drilling oil from deep within the earth’s crust, and they do this in large part by installing oil rigs complete with parts like drawworks and drills in the middle of the world’s seas.

Locating Oil

The first part in this equation of course is to look for oil, and petroleum companies do this with the help of oil geologists who examine surface rocks and terrain. There are other techniques used as well, such as measuring tiny changes in the earth’s gravitational field that just might indicate the presence of flowing oil.

Preparing the Rig

Next the oil company prepares to set up shop. They consider potential environmental hazards, obtain licenses, and right-of way access. They will clear the area, dig a reserve pit to dispose of waste materials and by-products, and line the work area with plastic to protect the environment.

Operations

The crew will set up the rig and then begin operations. They dig a starter hole and position the drill bit, collar, and pipe down into the hole, attach the kelley and turntable. With everything ready, drilling can begin. As the process progresses, mud and other waste are removed and transported into the reserve pit.